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zimbabwe

THE MDC-T unveiled Thursday an economic plan it said would create one million jobs and reverse laws compelling foreign businesses to sell or surrender 51 percent ownership to Zimbabweans.

The program, known as The Jobs, Upliftment, Investment, Capital and Environment Plan, or JUICE, aims to create a million new jobs from 2013 to 2018, expand the economy by 8 percent a year over the period and increase power generation to 6,000 megawatts, according to the policy document.

Zimbabwe has forced miners such as Zimplats and cigarette makers including British American Tobacco (BAT) to draw up plans that will hand cede control within five years.

“The problem that indigenisation poses is that it kills investor confidence,” the party’s deputy secretary general and Economic Planning Minister Tapiwa Mashakada told reporters at the launch of the programme in Harare.

“Capital is timid, so once you say you are going to take 51 percent, why not go to Mozambique, Angola or DRC,” he said, referring to Democratic Republic of Congo.

But Zanu PF spokesman Rugare Gumbo said the project was unworkable because “indigenization is a reality and it is not reversible.”

Still, Prime Minister and MDC leader Morgan Tsvangirai said the plan would “lift Zimbabwe from failed-state status” and establish a $100 billion “first-world economy” by 2040.

“The crisis we face for ourselves and our children is opportunities for jobs. Our plan is to transform Zimbabwe into a newly industrialized nation within a generation,” he said.

Tsvangirai blamed Zanu PF for Zimbabwe’s economic problems as the country’s struggles to shake off the effects of a decade-long recession adding the indigenisation programme was vindictive and targeted companies which did not support President Robert Mugabe and his party.

“Who will come to invest his money knowing very well that he has to forfeit a big chunk of it? We want to create a conducive business environment which will attract our genuine indigenous business people like Strive Masiyiwa back into the country,” he said.

The MDC-T leader joined Mugabe in a coalition government after violent but both leaders agree to arrangement is no longer workable due to bitter policy and other differences.

Fresh polls are expected next year but the MDC-T is pressing the full implementation of political reforms senior insist will ensure the outcome is not disputed.
Source: Newzimbabwe.com

UNWTO General Assembly
Government has dismissed media reports insinuating that Zambia is not ready to host the United Nations World Tourism Organisation (UNWTO) General Assembly which will be co-hosted with neighbouring Zimbabwe.

Tourism and Arts Minister Sylvia Masebo clarified this in Parliament today when she delivered a ministerial statement.

Ms Masebo said Zimbabweans known how to market themselves compared to their Zambian counterparts who criticized themselves.

Ms Masebo said Zimbabwe is known to be an old tourist destination yet Zambia is endowed with more tourism sites dotted in the country besides the famous Victoria falls which is shared by Zimbabwe.

“Mr. Speaker Sir, the only difference between Zambia and Zimbabwe is that Zimbabweans are very aggressive and nationalistic while Zambian we are not patriotic. We Zambians are good at criticizing ourselves. We have so much in terms of tourism,” Ms. Masebo said.

She regretted that her Ministry had not carried out an effective sensitization campaigns but reiterated Government’s commitment to working with the media, the private sector, Members of Parliament (MPs), the lodge owners and other stakeholders to help market Zambia vigorously.

She stated that a team of experts have visited Zambia and they will continue coming to Zambia to conduct inspections to ensuring that infrastructures at the airports, hotels, boarder towns and security personnel among others meet the required international standards.

The Minister said she has been to Spanish City, Madrid at the Organisation’s headquarters and that she has on several occasions accompanied the Head of State Mr. Michael Sata abroad to among other agendas market Zambia ahead of the 20th 2013 General Assembly.

Meanwhile, parliament heard today that Government has approved K150 billion and additional K60.8 billion has been released for the preparation and co-hosting the 2013 General Assembly.

Ms Masebo challenged the private sector to show case their existence and join hands with government as the country exhibits its products to the outside world.

She told the House that Zimbabwe will host the official opening ceremony, plenary session, a luncheon for the delegates, Council general meeting among other meetings while Zambia will host the closing ceremony, Board meeting, gala dinner and round table meeting for Commissions for Asia, Europe and America.

Ms. Masebo said the two countries will host a series of meetings side by side and that a permanent Inter-ministerial Committee has been instituted.

She said Zambia and Zimbabwe signed a memorandum of understanding which among other things seeks to not only market the two countries but the entire Southern Africa region and that both countries have an opportunity to create a global village to benefit the people world-wide.

ZANIS

UKZAMBIANS: Explain about yourself?

I was born in Mansa, Luapula Province, in the northcentral part of Zambia. I share my mother (Kapya Joyce Kalebaila) with one brother (Chanda Mubanga) and my father (Kambidima Eddie Wotela) with four sisters and two brothers. I am the first born with two living sisters (Womba and Mutumwa) and three living brothers—that is, Chanda Mubanga, Wotela Wotela, and Isaya Wotela. I lost my sister Infwama Wotela in 2005 and more recently Kalemba Wotela (Mrs Yoyo) in 2011. I have a stunningly beautiful daughter Chibula Wotela.

I did my undergraduate studies at the University of Zambia (Lusaka, Zambia) where I graduated in 1993 with a Bachelor of Arts (BA) with majors in Demography and minors in Economics. In 1997, I enrolled for postgraduate studies at the University of Zimbabwe (Harare, Zimbabwe) and graduated the following year with a Master of Science Degree in population studies. I was awarded an Andrew W. Mellon Foundation scholarship for Doctoral studies in Demography in the Centre for Actuarial Research (CARe) at the University of Cape Town in 2004. On graduation, I took up an appointment as a William and Flora Hewlett Foundation Postdoctoral Research Fellow under the Centre for Actuarial Research—a position I held until the end of 2009. From my training and experience, I have picked up skills in demography, ethnography, quantitative and qualitative research techniques, as well as planning, implementation, monitoring, and evaluation of development interventions.

At the beginning of 2010, I took up an appointment as a lecturer in the Graduate School of Public and Development Management (P&DM) at the University of Witwatersrand. My immediate career goals are to develop my current knowledge as well as diversify my academic and scholarly interests to innovation and development studies.

Most of my wealth lies in the friends, colleagues, and mentors I have who have never at any time failed to support me in time of need. For this reason, I cherish being equally supportive and being around people especially those who give me a chance to feel myself.

 

 

UKZAMBIANS: [If you are married, when did you meet your spouse] and how important is family to you?

My family is very important. I grew up in ‘both worlds’, daddy’s money on one hand and mummy’s love on the other. My parents (and my maternal grandmother) nurtured and reared me with a rod—fortunately; they used it ‘to beat me into shape and not out of shape’. My hope is that I have turned out to be what they wanted me to be. My extended family has been more than supportive. Apart from helping me with my education, my mother’s sisters and cousins taught me social and life skills that I continue to use to my advantage.

 

UKZAMBIANS: What do you owe your parents?

I owe my parents everything—especially, my mother for loving and caring for me when I was young and helpless. Second, I owe my father for his financial support during my basic schooling and part of undergraduate education. For this, I always thank my good Lord God.

SECTION 2

UKZAMBIANS: What is your current profession?

I am a demographer by profession because for all my three degrees, I read demography and population studies with some economics. During my studies, I picked up skills in ethnography, quantitative and qualitative research approaches and techniques.

As an occupation, I am currently convening and lecturing ‘policy management, monitoring and evaluation’ at the University of Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa. I also sometimes teach ‘economic development and population trends’. In addition, I supervise research students pursuing masters and doctoral degrees in public and development management. I continue to write on Zambian demography before I take up a new line of research. I am also working on a manual that will help business and management students to ground their research academically. I am targeting graduate students, such as Masters of Business Administration, who are working practitioners but studying part-time.

Before then, I started my career life in 1994 working for the Zambian planning department—the former National Commission for Development Planning (NCDP)—as an Economist cum Demographer and rose to the post of Senior Planner in 1999 before I left. It is during this time that I picked up skills in planning, implementation, monitoring, and evaluation of development interventions. I was also a part-time lecturer at the University of Zambia—before I took up the position on full-time basis in 2002.

 

UKZAMBIANS: Can you share the challenges and accomplishments about your profession?

An article (http://www.uct.ac.za/mondaypaper/archives/?id=7576) that appeared in the University of Cape Town Monday Paper (Volume 28.10, of 27 July 2009) captures my professional challenges and accomplishments. From my cohort, Luwingu Secondary School (Northern Province, Zambia) managed to send only one pupil to university in three years. This, however, should not be mistaken for intelligence on my part, but rather hard work and sacrifice. My major milestone came with this announcement:

 

“For the degree of doctor of philosophy in Demography… Kambidima Wotela … For a thesis which contributes significantly to our knowledge on Zambian fertility, showing how pre-industrial ethnic differentials in fertility persist to the present day and, in doing so, enhances our understanding of sub-national differences in fertility and the importance of ethnicity”.

 

My next challenge has been delivering academic materials to different audiences. Although I had made headway on this front since my first lecture to final-year undergraduate demography students at the University of Zambia in 1999, I have continued to find ways of effectively delivering academic materials to different audiences. I have taught demography and population studies to first-year Actuarial Scientists, fourth-year Medical Students, final-year undergraduate Geographical and Environmental Science Students and Masters Public Health as well as Public and Development Management students. I have also taught introductory monitoring and evaluation to senior and middle management officials of the South African national, provincial and municipal government. Through this experience, I found that it is not what you know that matters but how you communicate this knowledge. So far, student assessments show that I present complex materials simply but effectively. For example, below is an email I received after teaching demography to medical students for the first time:

*******

Dear Kambidima

I have spoken to several students regarding your lecture.  The feedback I received was all positive.  They felt that you brought the subject across well and that you had ‘presence’.  This is their first lesson in Demographics so all the terms were new to them and so some things needed a little more explanation.  They felt that the PowerPoint presentation was fine as is.

I hope this information is of assistance to you.

Kind regards

Gillian

*******

 

UKZAMBIANS: Have you been involved in volunteer or charity work?

I am a Trustee of All Star Kids (http://www.allstarkids.org.uk); an international charity working to give children who have a poor start in life a better chance in future. Before then, I was involved with the precursor to All Star Kids, the Andy Cole Children’s Foundation when it was launched in Zambia in 2001. My ambitions in charity work and children go beyond my involvement in All Star Kids and Andy Cole Children’s Foundation. As an avid part-time lecturer of demography at the University of Zambia, I took the role of Robin Hood or Rob Roy MacGregor. I am shameless to state that I got from my rich employers to give to my poor students at the time when academic skills and stationery stocks at the University of Zambia were not sufficient.

 

 

 

 

 

 

SECTION 3

UKZAMBIANS: If you live outside Zambia, why and for how long have you lived overseas?

I left Zambia in 2004 to pursue my doctorate degree at the University of Cape Town. My employers at the time, the University of Zambia, were not too happy that I had left before completing my initial two-year tenure with them so they terminated my contract. My repeated letters and visits (the last one being in 2008 after I had completed my studies) to have me reinstate failed. By then, all the offers I had received were outside Zambia, so I accepted the offer made by the University of the Witwatersrand.

 

UKZAMBIANS: When were you last in Zambia and do you have plans to return home?

I was in Zambia this year for two weeks to attend my immediate sister’s funeral. Yes, all I do here is to amass knowledge that I will use when I return to Zambia just after 2015.

 

UKZAMBIANS: If you had an opportunity to change anything about Zambia, what would that be?

To help Zambia make a fresh start…we need to ‘take’ the country apart and then reconstruct. I feel that part of Zambia’s developmental constraints is that it still operates within structures left by the colonial government. That is like loading a 1-ton vehicle with 20-tons or driving a car—that is, consuming 1 litre of fuel for less than a kilometre travelled. Knowingly or otherwise, each of our leaders have tried their best to develop Zambia under very difficult conditions—for example, Kaunda focussed on social infrastructure development while the late Chiluba focussed on promoting economic growth and the late Mwanawasa on good governance. The problem is that these components are antagonistic so they need some kind of a systems approach. Further, these efforts operate in structures that Zambians have had very little input. I argue in my forthcoming paper that:

 

The Zambian Government adopted an administration designed to serve the British colonial government. Gore-Browne (1937) stresses that although the colonial government in Northern Rhodesia was implementing a dual policy (one for the White minority and the other for the indigenous Black Majority), they did not have a strong native emphasis—probably because they did not intend to stay in Zambia for long. Further, the British designed an administration that encompassed their interests that spanned beyond the Zambian border. Gore-Browne (1937) proposed the internal reorganisation and the Federation with its neighbours, to “…give the White population of Northern Rhodesia what they ask, union with their brethren across the Zambezi …” The Zambian central government moved to Lusaka from Livingstone to facilitate easy access to Harare and Zomba during the Federation of Rhodesia (Zambia and Zimbabwe) and Nyasaland (Malawi). Only Malawi was brave enough to move it Capital city to the central most point of the country.

 

To help Zambia make a fresh start, I stepped back to study its history so that I understand its people—see attached paper (http://escholarship.org/uc/item/0j58j1nz;jsessionid=F71766D070E611623DA4F776570FAF31). I will soon share with you the entire contents of my forth-coming paper in which I have my proposed governance structures. I use literature to suggest that Zambia should have seven provinces rather than nine. I also suggest that we need to make education locally (provincial level) relevant but nationally and internationally competitive. For example, Luapula Province should host a university that specialises in fisheries and water management while Southern Province in animal and crop husbandry.

 

UKZAMBIANS: What is your advice to the Zambian youths?

The youth need to reposition themselves. They need to take on the leadership role. We all know that in most Zambian traditional societies, the duty of the youth is non-other-than looking after the interests of their elders. The elders have consolidated this position because of their wealth, which in some cases comes with power. However, with education, the youth can assume leadership. Think about it, technically, the minority are ruling Zambia because only 4 per cent of the population is above the age of 60 years. Sadly, I have my reservations that anyone above 60 years-old can have long-term plans. What does this mean to the development of Zambia? If you can answer that question then you know why I want the youth to take on the leadership role in Zambia.

 

 

SECTION 4

UKZAMBIANS: When were you happiest?

When I invigilated my first examination, I was so happy that I can’t describe the feeling. I had planned and waited for that moment. I remember walking into the Basement lecture room at the University of Zambia with the examination papers that I had prepared—I remember the security officer stopping me and asking me to produce my student card … then someone behind shouted that ‘ni ba lecturer basiye’.

 

UKZAMBIANS: What is your most treasured possession?

A brain that works and a body that is able to move as instructed.

 

UKZAMBIANS: If you could bring something extinct back to life, what would you choose?

My late siblings, ‘Mwelwa’ whom I never got to meet but somehow I feel her anyway and then my beloved sisters Kalemba and Infwama. They made my life complete and I look forward to reuniting with them.

 

UKZAMBIANS: Finally, what is your guiltiest pleasure if any?

This may sound crazy but the emotional fulfilment of having living parents when there are so many people in this world, like my little niece Sindiswa, who have never met their parents. Lastly, the good lord for giving me good health and a brain that works.

By STEPHEN PHIRI

ZAMBIA under-23 national team coach Lucky Msiska says he regrets failing to qualify to the group stage of the 2012 London Olympic Games.

“I really wanted to go to the Olympics for the second time. I went there as a player and I wanted to go there as a coach,” said Msiska, who was a member of the 1988 national team that reached the quarter-finals in Seoul, South Korea.

In an interview yesterday, Msiska said he is disappointed to let down the country.

He said his charges outplayed Algeria but lacked the finishing touch in Saturday’s 2-0 win at Nchanga Stadium in Chingola.

Msiska said losing 0-3 to Algeria in the first leg put Zambia in an awkward position.

“Algeria were beatable and we played better there (Algiers) than we did here. In Algeria we created several chances but we could not score. They had three chances and they scored three goals,” Msiska said.

He said it is painful to be eliminated after playing well in two legs.

“I feel sorry for the boys because they played well and wanted to qualify to the group stage. They created so many chances and had we scored two goals in the first half, the result could have been different. But it was not meant to be,” Msiska said.

He said there is need to maintain the team and called on the Football Association of Zambia (FAZ) to keep the players active through international friendlies.

Msiska said despite failing to progress in the Olympic Games, the boys are the future senior national team.

“These players should continue being exposed to the higher level. The team is good and I see many of them playing for the senior national team in future. We have a foundation for the senior team,” said the former Power Dynamos and Zambia winger.

He also urged FAZ to arrange a lot of friendlies for the under-23 in future to ensure adequate preparations.

Msiska said he will continue in his job.

The under-23 were also ejected from the 2011 Maputo All-Africa Games losing 3-4 on aggregate to
Zimbabwe.

Msiska is expected to travel to Belgium next Monday to visit his family.

And Zambia Voluntary Soccer Fans Association patron Peter Makembo urged Msiska to forge ahead with the under-23.

Makembo also said had senior national team coach Dario Bonetti released Emmanuel Mbola, Justin Zulu and Roger Kola for the first leg, Zambia could have beaten Algeria.

He said there was no need for Bonetti to have Mbola, Zulu and Kola for the Africa Cup of Nations qualifier against Mozambique when the under-23 were involved in the Olympic Games.

“Zambia’s dream of making it to the Olympics group stage was shattered in Algeria,” Makembo said.

This week, I will continue rekindling your memories of yesteryears with events (both political and social) that have defined Zambian history. I will start with four items in the music world to highlight how Kaunda dominated the Zambian society. I will also add several miscellaneous items. Join me down memory lane as we listen to Rikki Ililonga’s Zambia.

1.Bachitwa nsombo, a Bemba musical group styled along traditional palace praise singers sang for Dr Kenneth Kaunda. Kaunda would be flanked by these praise singers as he graced official functions.

2. Frank Kalipinde proprietor of Kalipinde Inn composed and sang a popular pro-Kaunda song Palibe Munthu Wina Oposa A Kaunda . The song became some kind of national anthem on radio buoying the morale of UNIP party members when Kaunda’s popularity was waning. UNIP members were pleased with the song and Kalipinde was presented with a certificate for the Presidential first award for the best song. The certificate was presented by Fines Bulawayo during the Youth Day presentation at Lusaka’s Nakatindi Hall in March 1984.

3. Several bands sang songs in praise of Kaunda and the UNIP government. They included the Denmark-based Zambian musician Rikki Ililonga –Zambia ( Rikki was a one-time member of the Zambia Youth Service later known as Zambia National Service ZNS) ,Mpundu Mutale-Lelo Tuleiteka,Keith Mlevu –Ubuntungwa,Kasama Bantu Actor-Mwabombeni Tata Ba Kaunda and Manu Chauhan, an Asian Zambian amateur musician who sang a song simply entitled KK. Rikki also sang satirical songs like Olemekedzeka lambasting greedy politicians who abandoned their voters after attaining power.

4. Kaunda himself recorded Tiyende Pamodzi with the Heritage Singers choir. The song was Kaunda’s trademark when opening UNIP events. He would lead other party cadres in his baritone voice.

5. Jagari Chanda-born Emmanuel Chanda, the front man of the Witch band composed Tooth Factory attacking the band’s former manager Philip Musonda after a difference over money. He co-wrote the song with Shaddick Bwalya, a talented songwriter who co-wrote several songs with Jagari on the Band’s latter albums.

6. A member of Central Committee Stephen Sikombe was killed at Kulima Tower in a lift accident. Lifts were later called Sikombe.

7. The word Chainama named after a mental wing at Chainama hospital in Lusaka is synonymous with mental illness in Zambia. Most Zambians are unaware that there are areas like Chainama residential,Chainama Health district clinic and Chainama golf club which have nothing to do with mental illness.

8. Still on the origin of names, the name Kalipinde, named after a popular drinking place-Kalipinde Inn once meant immorality. A popular Times of Zambia features writer the late Samu Zulu once wrote that ‘If your husband goes missing after work, try Kalipinde. Later the word Tasinta named after a programme to reform sex workers acquired overtones of immorality.

9. Fashion for women in Zambia has gone through many phases mostly influenced by British dressing trends. At independence up to the 70’s, some fashionable women wore ichiduku-head gear with a chitenge skirt and a matching top. Later some fashionable women wore cremplene skirts with matching tops and high-heeled shoes nicknamed makokolo because of the clop clop sound the shoes made. The skirts got shorter when the 60’s mini skirt mania hit the world. Wearing wigs and big ear rings amasikiyo also became the norm. A social commentator Yandikani Lungu released a popular song called mini skirt highlighting the craze for shorter skirt’s among women.

10. Many Zambians were largely disappointed when Robert Mugabe and not the late Joshua Nkomo won the 1980 presidential elections in Zimbabwe. The government media in Zambia had been tipping Nkomo to win the elections. The numerical advantage of Shonas, (Mugabe’s tribe) over Ndebeles (Nkomo’s tribe) was not taken into consideration by write ups in the media.

11. After Zimbabwe’s independence, many Zambians started highlighting their links (both real and imagined) to Zimbabwe because of the affluence of the newly-independent country. You would hear someone saying ‘my aunt was married to a Zimbabwean’ or ‘Iam half Zambian half Zimbabwean.’

12. We used to laugh at pupils who attended special schools as being ifikopo-dull. Nowadays pupils attending these schools are envied. Special schools now include subjects like French, Computer studies and Music. Their fees are criminally expensive.

13. As children we believed wearing red clothes during a thunderstorm would attract lightning.

14. Expensive sex workers only dated men with cars especially Mercedes Benz. Motorists would kerbal crawl to give women ‘lifts’. It was really prestigious to drive a car.

15. We stood stiff and held our heads high when the National anthem or standa nsing’o was being sang. It was believed you could be arrested if you scratched yourself or coughed during the singing. We parroted the words coming up with something like this : Standa Nsing’o Zambia proud amfree/Lando of workanjoy unity blah blah blah../End….

Mr Chiluba died on Saturday morning (Zambian time) on 18th June 2011.  He was 68. Chiluba suffered from acute heart problems.

 

Soon after President Frederick JT Chiluba swept to power in a landslide election win in 1991, he was heard to remark to close aides: “Power is sweet.”

After 10 years in charge, the former bus conductor and trade union leader, continued to enjoy the taste of power.

So much so that he mounted a campaign to change the country’s constitution to allow him to run for the presidency a third time.

He was forced to abandon this plan, after massive opposition from within his own ruling Movement for Multi-party Democracy (MMD) and from the Zambian public.

But the move did much to damage the president’s personal prestige.

Many Zambians saw it as an attempt to turn the clock back – as well as a betrayal of the democratic principles which he had preached since the beginning of his presidency.

“We don’t hate you, Mr President,” said one shop assistant as the arguments raged in 2001. “But please just do the right thing, and leave.”

Heady times

When Mr Chiluba was elected, it was amid a atmosphere of elation and euphoria.

His fledgling MMD had trounced the incumbent Kenneth Kaunda and his ruling Unip at the polls.

 

Kaunda’s men were pickpockets, but Chiluba’s lot are thieves
Zambian journalist

It was an audacious victory, which sent shockwaves across Africa.

The charismatic Mr Kaunda had held the reins of power since independence in 1964 – much of it under one-party rule.

Although he had been forced by popular discontent to hold elections, when beaten at the polls, he ceded power peacefully.

His successor Frederick Chiluba was hailed as one of a new breed of democratically elected leaders, in a continent where rulers clung on for decades.

Zambians looked forward to a bright, new future.

The new government set about unshackling the country’s collapsing economy from stifling state controls. Guided by the International Monetary Fund and World Bank, it embraced the free-market market with one of the most ambitious liberalisation programmes in Africa.

With its large copper reserves – some of the biggest in the world – and rich agricultural potential, foreign investors started to eye this poor southern Africa nation with interest.

Reality

But 10 years on, that optimism had mostly evaporated. Many regarded Mr Chiluba’s rule as a disappointment. The promise of the MMD revolution remained unfulfilled.

So what went wrong? For one, despite being promoted as an new-style African leader, Mr Chiluba began to show some decidedly old-fashioned traits.

 

Within a year-and-a-half, he had sacked independent-minded colleagues from his cabinet, and began to surround himself by “yes” men and women.

Corruption flourished. Some of Mr Chiluba’s cronies, it seemed, were more interested with lining their own pockets, than serving their country.

Within a decade, graft seeped into Zambia’s way of life.

“Kaunda’s men were pickpockets,” commented one Zambian journalist. “But Chiluba’s lot are thieves.”

The government’s sell-off of the copper mines – the country’s biggest asset – was botched and scandal-ridden.

A parliamentary probe revealed that some of the assets of ZCCM, the mines’ company, simply vanished into thin air, while other valuable properties were sold for a song.

In the meantime, the free-market economy failed to deliver.

Despite billions of dollars of international aid since 1991, three-quarters of Zambia’s population still live below the World Bank poverty threshold of $1 a day. The much-needed foreign investment to kick-start the economy has not transpired.

Kaunda

A large part of the blame must rest with Mr Chiluba himself. He often seemed more interested in securing his own position, than improving the lot of his people.

His attempts to hound his rival and former president, Mr Kaunda, out of politics in the mid-1990s, tarnished his reputation badly with the international community.

 

In 1997, Mr Kaunda was accused of conspiring in failed coup plot and imprisoned.It took protests from Africa’s elder statesmen, Nelson Mandela and Julius Nyerere, to persuade Mr Chiluba to release him. 

Then there was the long-running, politically inspired court case, which attempted to strip Zambia’s independence leader of his citizenship.

Many saw the hounding of Mr Kaunda as spiteful and malicious, by a leader who felt jealous of the older man’s popularity, both with the Zambian people and among fellow African leaders.

Mr Chiluba, himself, cut a curious figure in public life.

He is a “natty” dresser, with a fondness for expensive, monogrammed clothes, and built-up shoes to improve his diminutive height.

A fervent born-again Christian, his private life was the subject of much gossip. In September 2001, he divorced his wife Vera, to whom he had been married for 33 years.

Positive change

But although Mr Chiluba may not have left office a popular leader, Zambia changed greatly under his tenure, and a lot of it, for the good.

The public opposition to his third term bid showed that Zambians treasured their young democracy, so much so that even in this famously, laid-back country, they were prepared to mobilise to protect it.

Moreover, the freedom of speech allowed under Mr Chiluba would have been unthinkable for much of Mr Kaunda’s rule.

There was a lively, free printed media, which relentlessly – and cruelly – lampooned the country’s political leadership including Mr Chiluba. Such public mockery of the presidency is unknown in some parts of Africa.

Although the free-market has not delivered prosperity, the consensus among the country’s political class – opposition and government – is that it is the only way forward.

The goal is to make Zambia’s economy work better, not to return to the days of price controls, and the over-weaning state.

Finally, although Mr Chiluba wanted to stay in power, it is to his credit that he did not use widespread, state-sponsored violence to do so.

Zambians only have to look south, to neighbouring Zimbabwe and President Robert Mugabe, to see what the alternative might have been.

Mr Chiluba – Zambia’s second leader since independence – opted to go the other route, leaving office peacefully. For this, Zambians can be thankful./Source ZNBC

Zimbabwe’s Mr Ugly 2011, Austin Mbewe, flanked by runners-up Kudakwashe Chiramba (left) and Chitova Chezira. Far right is last year’s winner Elmas Moses Photo | NEW ZIMBABWE  |

Austin Mbewe, the Zimbabwean man who last weekend took the coveted title of Mr Ugly, says he has always been a hit with the ladies.

Mbewe (22) was chosen by a panel of women as this year’s winner of the unique pageant which drew a strong field of 15 ugly men.

“I had a normal upbringing,” Mbewe told Africa Review. “Like any other kid I was given nicknames but I never felt discriminated against.

“In fact girls used to like me and they still do but of course there are men who try to make fun of me.

“I always ignore them.”

He has a 22 year-old girlfriend he plans to marry soon. Mbewe, who is from the second city of Bulawayo, walked away with $173 and a blanket in prizes.

The contest described as tight by Zimbabwean media was held at Pagomo Heights Leisure Center in Beitbridge, on the border with South Africa.

Event organiser Lovemore Chonzi, a retired member of the Zimbabwe National Army band, said the models were selected after a number of roadshows around Beitbridge to scout for the ugliest men.

“It was a tight contest and I am happy that I managed to beat everyone,” Mbewe said. “I am proud of my natural looks, I don’t wish to change.”/AfricaReview

US Secretary of State Hillary Clinton has urged President Rupiah Banda, opposition leaders and all Zambians to hold free, fair, transparent and violence-free elections this year.

And President Banda defended Chinese investment in Zambia though he said investors from the Asian economic giant must respect the locals and labour laws.

Speaking during her joint media briefing with President Banda at State House in Lusaka on Friday night, Clinton said political leaders were answerable and accountable to their people and not the other way round.

She said candidates might express passionate differences in campaigns but they must accept the people’s votes and join together for the sake of the country.
She said Zambians had sent a powerful message to Africa and the world when they adopted multiparty democracy in 1991.

“As Zambia approaches another national election, once again you have a chance to set a model for the rest of the world. As the President has just said in our meeting, we discussed the importance of conducting the upcoming national elections peacefully, transparently, fairly and freely in a manner that reflects the will of the Zambian people,” said Clinton.

“The President has invited international and local observers to monitor the elections. And during the campaign he has spoken out repeatedly against election-related violence. That is an important message for all Zambian citizens including the one million young people voting for the first time.”

She said there were many positive signs that Zambians would continue with their adherence to democratic tenets in this year’s elections.

She congratulated Zambia for registering more than 82 per cent of eligible voters in the recent registration.

“Too often the news is dominated by what is wrong with Africa not about what is right. Zambia has shown that it is on the right path to tackle its challenges,” Clinton said.

Clinton, who was in Lusaka for two days to close the African Growth and Opportunity Act (AGOA) Forum and due to visit Tanzania and Ethiopia, said Zambia had joined the US and the international community in many principle stances in support of human dignity, freedom of speech and religion and the fight against nuclear proliferation.

She said the US valued Zambia’s role as a regional leader since independence.

“Thanks for supporting calls to stop state-sponsored violence including in Zimbabwe. Thank you for supporting a peaceful transition in Madagascar,” Clinton said.

Clinton raised a red card against China’s non adherence to good governance and transparency in its dealings with Africa.

“We are concerned that China’s foreign assistance and investment practices in Africa have not always been consistent with generally accepted international norms of transparency and good governance and that it has not always utilised the talents of African people in pursuing its citizens’ interests,” Clinton said.

“We want to work more closely with China and other countries to make sure that when we engage with Africa we are doing it in a sustainable manner that will benefit the nations and people of Africa. Therefore, we have begun a dialogue with China about its activities in Africa.”

Clinton also said she was not satisfied with the progress in attaining the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) ahead of the 2015 deadline.

“We have made progress but not enough. At the 2010 UN General Assembly we reviewed the progress that has been made but I am certainly not satisfied. I don’t think anybody should be satisfied,” Clinton said.

“We have made progress in certain statistical areas but have not crossed the threshold on education or healthcare the way we need to, but as we approach 2015 I think a lot of lessons that we tried to analyse in 2010 will need to be applied. The US administration remains very committed.”

And Clinton denied media reports that she was eyeing the World Bank top job.
“I have had no discussions with anyone. I have evidenced no interest to anyone, I do not have any interests and I am not pursuing that position,” Clinton said.

“It is a very important institution and obviously we want to see the World Bank well led. We work closely with the World Bank but I am absolutely dedicated to my service as Secretary of State.”

She said she and her State Department team had a lot of work ahead to implement their government’s vision to improve and grow the US’ relationships around the world including in Africa.

And President Banda said Zambia was receptive to all investors including the Chinese.

However, he said foreign investors must respect Zambians and should know that citizens were sensitive and must be treated well.

He urged Clinton to woo American investors to come and set up their business in Zambia and partner with the locals.

President Banda told Clinton that Zambia would hold free, fair and transparent elections where voters’ wishes would be respected.

“This is a very special year for Zambia. When you say 2011 every Zambian knows what you are about to talk about, being our election year.

I want to assure your Excellency that we are very proud with the track record that since 1964, when we had our independence, to date we have had good and fair and free and transparent elections,” President Banda said.

“Of course, the country has grown, the population has moved from three million plus in 1964 to 13 million now. It is good for the country that we should have opposition parties.

I just wish to assure you that these elections will be held within the next few months and that they will be transparent and that we will work with all our collaborating partners including the United States to ensure that that these elections are free, fair and transparent and held in a peaceful atmosphere.”

President Banda described the bloody by-elections in Mufumbwe Constituency where three people died, others injured, while one lost his eye as “a bit of violence”.

“We do need peaceful elections. We are going to continue working with you and all other countries to ensure peace on our continent,” said President Banda./Post

Chief Chikuwe of the Chewa people of Eastern Province has summoned former ambassador to Malawi Milton Phiri to appear before a traditional court for falsely claiming that President Rupiah Banda is not Zambian.

The chief says it is an insult for Mr Phiri to allege that the President is not Zambian.

He told ZNBC in an interview in Lusaka that the former diplomat should have verified the President’s roots through the traditional leadership before issuing unfounded statements.

Mr Phiri has been summoned to appear before the traditional court by this weekend.

Chief Chikuwe says President Banda’s parents were both Zambians who hailed from the eastern province.

He says the Presidents Mother was Sarah Zulu a Ngoni while his father Bwezani was a Chewa also from the Eastern province.

Chief Chikuwe who is a relation of President Banda says Paramount Chief Gawa Undi of the Chewa would not have allowed him to be a chief in his area if he was not Zambian.

The Chief explains that President Banda’s father only went to Zimbabwe to work.

Chief Chikuwe wondered why Mr Phiri would today want to question President Banda’s nationality when the head of state has served the country in various capacities.

LUSAKA (Reuters) – Zambia will buy 1.3 million tonnes of maize from its farmers after a bumper harvest left it with a surplus of 1.6 million tonnes, the Food Reserve Agency (FRA) said on Tuesday.

The state-run FRA said in a statement that the maize purchase price would be maintained at last year’s $273 per tonne to keep farmers in business despite the huge surplus.

“The export price has dropped to $180 per tonne and ideally if it was left to the market forces, the price of maize would have gone down,” FRA marketing manager Lazarous Mawele said.

Zambia’s maize production in the 2010/2011 season will rise to over 3 million tonnes from the 2.8 million tonnes produced last year, a crop forecast showed this month.

The FRA said Zambia had exported 290,000 tonnes of maize from its surplus of over 1 million tonnes last year and the bulk of the maize was sold to Zimbabwe.

“We have several countries including Kenya in East Africa asking about our maize but we are struggling to sell because we cannot find a higher price,” Mawele said.

The local maize purchases would be financed from government grants, proceeds from maize sales and commercial borrowing from banks, Mawele said.