Tags Posts tagged with "Kenneth Kaunda"

Kenneth Kaunda

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Historical pictures of former and first President of Zambia Dr. Kenneth Kaunda with his first Cabinet of Humble Men – 1964. [nggallery id=32]

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This week, I will go down memory lane with you by highlighting some memories of motherhood and growing up in Zambia. Join me as we look into the view master to the old good days.

 

  1. When there was a baby in the family, our mothers told us they had bought it from ZCBC and we believed them! It was only when we were older that we realised how babies were born. It was common to see prams for mothers who could afford them.
  2. Single motherhood was really frowned upon. Single female teachers who got pregnant were dismissed from the teaching service for fear they would set a bad example for girls. The practice lasted up to the early 70’s.
  3. Sometimes we were told as boys to put salt in the relish when our older sisters were menstruating. It was traditionally believed that a menstruating woman should not add salt to relish for fear of contaminating the family.
  4. We sometimes ate Nshima with our mothers direct from the pot. We would put lumps of Nshima on the edge of the pot to allow it to cool. We were later allowed to eat with our fathers when we grew older. We were not allowed to wash hands even when were satisfied. We had to wait for our father or any elderly person to do so.
  5. We believed putting a needle on a rail line would derail a train. We also believed that albinos did not die but just disappeared. When we reached our teens, we were told that our dicks would be burnt if we slept with girls.
  6. Sometimes, we would steal Lactogen powdered milk usually meant for the baby. The other common powdered milk was Cow and Gate or Nestle. We would also take a sip from Gripe water which was slightly sweet. We would also steal sugar and put it in our breast pockets. We would then find a straw to suck it with.
  7. We would fight to baby sit but quickly get bored especially when our age mates were playing. To find an excuse to hand over the baby to our mothers, we would pinch it. Our mothers reprimanded us for not holding babies properly.
  8. We would skip rope to a nursery song or rotate a hoop –chingolongolo around our waists.
  9. As small children we would sleep on the floor or reed mat while our older brothers slept on a thin mattress. Bed wetting -buchisusu was common and we would wake up early in the morning to dry blankets. Usually bed wetting came with a dream to wee. If your brother put his leg on your neck, you dreamt that someone was strangling you.
  10. Our parents kept several members of the extended family. An average Zambian family would have 7 to 8 children. As children we would sleep in the same room and sometimes incestuous sexual relationships would occur.
  11. As children we made love ukuchita ifyabupuba-doing foolish things-in abandoned houses, old cars, ditches or classrooms. We never had orgasms but just got tired after making several hissing sounds by sucking our teeth.
  12. When talking careers, our favourite jobs was to become drivers, Policemen or pilots. We wanted to become drivers because we were fascinated by driving. We wanted to become Policemen because the career was associated with beating people then. Being a pilot fascinated us because of the love of flying. We thought being a president was a career associated with the first republican president Kenneth Kaunda. We would ask questions like ‘who was the Kaunda of Tanzania?
  13. At school we would count our fingers and toes to solve addition or subtraction sums. We did sums like 1+ Box = 4 what is box? We also did sums were we carried over digits to be added later. We were told by our primary teacher that bigger figures could not be divided with smaller figures. Our teachers would ask ‘7 into 3?’ and we would shout ‘It can’t! It was only when we went to secondary school that we learnt about sums to do with points. We did comprehension exercises like ‘Can You Remember.’ At secondary level, we were introduced to a comprehension book called Read and Think.
  14. We usually had fist fights during closing of schools. A stronger boy would challenge someone to a fight by simply saying nalilala-schools have closed to which someone willing to fight would reply nalilala, nomba finshi?-schools have closed, so what?
  15. Teachers would announce pupils who had passed by making the class enter a circle and name them according to the positions in the examination. The first would come out of the circle and maybe receive a prize in form of an exercise book. After a required number has been reached, the pupils who have failed would be jeered.

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Patriotic Front (PF) President, Michael Sata says this year’s general elections will be held on 27th August.

This comes as the country still awaits the announcement of the elections date by President Rupiah Banda.

MUVI TV’s In’utu Mwanza reports that Mr Sata says he has been reliably informed that the polls were initially set for 11th August before being shifted to 27th August.

The outspoken opposition leader was speaking today when officially opening the PF national convention at Mulungushi University, in Kabwe.

At least 3,500 delegates are attending the convention, during which the party will also elect its national leadership.

And Mr Sata has been re-elected unopposed as President of the PF.

Meanwhile, journalists from the public media have been barred from covering the convention.

And Mr Sata has accused government of misusing the public media.

He has told the PF convention that public media has lost its vision of informing, educating and entertaining.

Meanwhile, first republican president, Kenneth Kaunda was among several dignitaries, who attended the official opening of the PF convention.

Others were the ambassadors from Britain and the United States of America./Muvi TV

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This week I will write about opposition politics in Zambia. I will also look at individuals dubbed ‘dissidents’ by the UNIP government who condemned the government. Join me as we go down the turbulent memory lane listening to Rikki Ililonga’s Love Is The Only Way.

1.       Shortly after independence March 8, 1966 Kenneth Kaunda refused to meet Berrings Lombe, the leader of the United Front Party (UFP) later known as United Party (UP) for an inter-party meeting. Later the new leader of the party Mufaya Mumbuna questioned the prolonged incarceration of the self-styled prophetess Alice Lenshina. UNIP started showing clear signs of intolerance to opposition and UNIP cadres later beat both Lombe and Mumbuna in Livingstone.

2.       At a meeting addressed by Mumbuna at Luburma market in Lusaka, government security men handed Mumbuna with a tape recorder to record everything that he said at the meeting. Lombe quit UP because of harassment from UNIP members. Several other UP leaders followed suit citing constant harassment from UNIP cadres. The UP national organising secretary William Chipango had his house searched for ammunition by government security men. Other UP members had their houses petrol-bombed by UNIP cadres. A Mr Kalaluka of Chimwemwe in Kitwe and his wife sustained serious burns when his house was torched at night.

3.       An unruly UNIP mob stoned a UP member who attended a UP meeting addressed by Mundia. The government later arrested Mundia on 13 June 1968 and charged him with four counts under the Secrets Act. On 14 August of the same year, UP was banned and Mundia was restricted to his natal village in Kalabo. Several UP members were jailed at Mumbwa prison. Upon release they were restricted to their home villages. They included Henry Ndhlovu, Julius Namakando, Dickson Chikulo, and Blatson Mushala. Some UP members defected to ANC led by Harry Nkumbula. UNIP felt UP which enjoyed overwhelming support in western province especially from the Litunga was more of a threat to the new government than ANC. The Litunga whose autonomy was lost under UNIP banked on UP to restore his lost autonomy. The Lozi king had reluctantly accepted UNIP’s victory over the settler government.

4.       After banning UP, UNIP turned it’s wrath on ANC starting with countrywide anti-ANC speeches and harassment of ANC members. The education Minister Wesley Nyirenda banned ANC in Livingstone and Mumbwa and warned that the ban was going to be extended to other towns in the country. He said multi-partism was retrogressive in Africa since it only bred chaos. There were clashes between UNIP and ANC members especially in Mufulira leading to several deaths.

5.       Africans who had not long ago lived majorly along tribal lines were not used to live with members of other tribes in the new republic called Zambia. The colonial government had somehow succeeded in uniting them using force. Tribalism surfaced within UNIP fanned by several tribal factions. Some Bembas leaders who felt Bembas or the Bemba speaking group which  enjoyed numerical advantage over several other tribes were sidelined in the party. Kaunda dismissed several Bemba leaders James Chapoloko,Justin Chimba, Alfred Chambeshi and John Chisata. The foremost Bemba leader in the party Simon Kapwepwe who was vice president quit his position to form UPP on 22 August 1971. Kapwepwe had complained all along that Bembas had been sidelined in the party. Throughout his tenure of office, Kaunda had played a juggling game in uniting tribes in Zambia. The Bembas were proud of their historical military conquests and felt they were a superior tribe. The Lozis were also proud of their kingdom and academic superiority over other tribes. Conscious of these tribal rivalries among ‘big’ tribes Kaunda sometimes using their differences to his advantage. He also incorporated other members of the minority tribes by tribal balancing.

6.       Kapwepwe’s resignation from the party was a big blow to UNIP and the government. UNIP realized this and quickly issued a press statement arguing that Kapwepwe had been pushed to form a party by drunkards and failures.

7.       UNIP organized a protest against UPP on 27 August 1971. The Women Brigade headed by Chibesa Kankasa organized women in the party stripped to their petticoats and marched in the streets chanting anti-UPP songs and singing a parody of Tiyende Pamodzi changing the lines to Tengani Kapwepwe ku Chainama. They were addressed by Copperbelt cabinet Minister Alex Shapi who appealed to Kaunda to be ruthless with the rebels.

8.       Kaunda who was in Mfuwe on a working holiday warned UPP and ANC that he would brook no nonsense and blamed Kapwepwe for joining hands with Nkumbula whom he had earlier condemned as having no principles. He said Kapwepwe was being sponsored by South Africa, Portugal and Rhodesia. Kaunda also revealed that he knew all along that his childhood friend haboured ambitions to be president. He ended his speech by chillily warning that UNIP was a live wire that would burn anyone who tried to upset it.

9.        Kapwepwe whose party’s main aim was to improve the welfare of workers failed to woo ZCTU support. UPP had little time to expound it’s principles because of harassment from the government and negative media reports on the new party. The Zambia Daily Mail carried a cartoon of Kapwepwe dressed in his traditional African attire kneeling before Balthazar Vorster crying ‘the South Africans have not paid me.’ The cartoon was entitled tribal chief. Kapwepwe sued the paper and won.

10.   The governor of the Ministry of development, planning and national guidance Rueben Kamanga who had been defeated for the post of vice president by Kapwepwe said multi-partism had not only been condemned in Zambia but in heaven!

11.   At a UNIP seminar in Ndola rural at Masaiti Institute Oswald Chimavu, a UNIP leader said that when Lucifer who was second to God tried to overthrow God, he was thrown out of heaven because the heavenly kingdom did not want any crisis and confusion. It was this party-engineered sycophancy that made it clear to historians of Zambian politics that UNIP was bent on banning multi-partism shortly after independence.

12.   To strengthen it’s membership against UPP, UNIP incorporated some former ANC members to it’s fold. Long after ANC was banned, it’s former leader Harry Nkumbula was harassed by the government. Nkumbula complained that he was broke after the government froze his bank account and closed  his mine the Nkumbula Gem Processing Limited.

13.   UNIP’S honeymoon of plenty was gone and between 1974-76 the copper revenues nose dived sharply forcing Kaunda to look to agro programs which he hastily and haphazardly implemented. The food prices rose leading to discontent in the country. A state of emergency was declared in January 1976. Kaunda was retained as the sole candidate in the elections held in December 1978 and in October 1983.

14.   The One Party State saw guerrilla activities by Adamson Mushala in north western province. Mushala had been trained in military warfare and caused havoc for seven years before being gunned down in 1982.  There were also constant protests from UNZA students in the 80’s.

15.   Addressing the Ndola branch of the Law Society of Zambia, the chairman of Standard Bank Zambia Limited Elias Chipimo urged leaders in Third World countries especially those in Africa to review their policies towards single party constitution and introduce flexible mechanisms to allow for change of leadership. Chipimo added that multi-partism was a surest way of avoiding coups and eliminating the disgraceful tendency of presidents ending up with bullets in their heads.

The party and it’s  government which thought it had successfully muffled all diverse views by banning opposition did not take Chipimo’s ‘outbursts’ kindly. UNIP members protested against ‘dissidents’ who included Chipimo himself, former Finance Minister John Mwanakatwe, Barclays Bank Manager Francis Nkhoma, former Bank of Zambia governor Valentine Musakanya and former Mines Minister Andrew Kashita. They went to their offices to drag them to Freedom House. Fortunately, most of the rebels were out of their offices apart from Nkhoma who was harassed by the irate cadres. The cadres called on the government to try the ‘dissidents’ without trial or confiscate their passport. Some cadres even suggested that the rebels be hanged. Chipimo resigned his position long before Kaunda held a press conference accusing the four of being behind a plot to incite the army to overthrow the government. Emmanuel Kasonde issued a statement that there was nothing wrong in debating why Zambia had a single candidate for presidency. During his tenure of office, Kaunda survived 4 coups imagined and real.

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This week, I will take you Down Memory Lane without confining myself to any field. I will start with the origins of some names. Join me as we listen to Kalambo Hit Parade Impanga ya Mambwe.

Named after……
1. The UNIP leader Dingiswayo Banda was implicated in a poaching case. Game meat has since then been called Dingi.
2. The Zambian musician Rikki Ililonga, now based in Denmark popularised dreadlocks in the country. Plaiting hair in dreadlock-like strands for women became known as tu Rikki.
3. Patients who received treatment for STI’s at UTH were directed to the Kalipinde section of skin clinics named after a popular pub of the same name. Kalipinde dancing queens were reputed to be spreading sexually transmitted diseases.
4.Shaving head hair was called Yul Bryner, after a popular actor.
5. Jagari Chanda, the Witch band frontman popularised Bermuda shorts.
6. ZCBC stocked Mazoe soft drink we called Mazoi, Cream SodaWilson sweets in flavours like butter milk, mint and strawberry.
7.The president Kenneth Kaunda would make important announcements from Mfuwe on working holidays. He was once quoted saying UNIP is a live wire warning of the action he planned to make against the formation of UPP led by Simon Kapwepwe.
8. Valentine Musakanya and Elias Chipimo were reputed to be so anti-UNIP and the two ‘dissidents’ were reported as referring to Kapwepwe and Kaunda as ‘those two villagers from Chinsali.
9.a typical Boma office was sparsely furnished with a green felt cloth covering a table and a mounted basin of water with a bar of soap and towel with GRZ embroidered on it.
10. Road side hawkers would sell Munkoyo or maheu and would give you some dyonko.
11. In the late 80’s,coupons were issued to workers earning a salary below K20,000.
12. Bread cost 13 Ngwee for some years.
13. Quack doctors like Professor Shehu Yahya and ‘Dr’ Nawa advertised their services in newspaper on diseases they could cure.
14. Wearing military fatigues would attract a beating from security men.
15. Kaunda strumming a guitar with his wife was a common picture whenever he celebrated his birthdays./End..

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First Republican President Kenneth Kaunda’s son Panji has said the current shift of support from the ruling MMD to the opposition Patriotic Front clearly shows that Zambians are geared to change government.

Colonel Kaunda who is interim chairperson for the People’s pact forum and former United Party for National Development (UPND) member explains that the Zambia people have suffered enough at the hands of the MMD government.

He has reiterated that change is coming adding that people should remain united for the just cause of showing the MMD the exit door.

Colonel Kaunda who recently held a series of meetings in western Province under the people%u2019s pact forum says he was overwhelmed at the massive support the PF is receiving in the province.

He has since called on the opposition in the country to unite in order not to split votes in the coming elections.

QFM Zambia

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